When we are going to start up a web server, the first thing we need is to use an operating system on which we will run the different services, operating system that in more than 95% of the time is usually a Linux system, as well as a software that is in charge of the management of the data bases, MySQL habitually, and a software to manage the dynamic content of the webs, that usually is PHP. In addition to this essential software, another of the most important parts of the server is usually the choice of the web server, and this is where the doubts come in.
When we search to set up a web we can choose a large number of different web servers, from Apache and Nginx, the best known and used with more than 85% of use between them, to other lesser known servers such as Microsoft IIS (if we use a Windows server ), LiteSpeed, Node.js, etc.
The two servers most used to build web pages today are Apache and Nginx, however, it is impossible to say that one is better than another since each of them has its own strengths and weaknesses and can improve better under certain circumstances or simply be easier to use.
Therefore, below we will see the differences between both web servers today and help you make the decision on which server we should use.
Apache or Nginx: what web server should I use?
If we want to look at the popularity, both web servers are practically tied with 44% of Apache use and 40% of Nginx use. However, although Apache is the most used (probably for its simplicity when mounting), Nginx is the most used in web pages with a lot of traffic, since its resource management is much higher.
Therefore, we will try to differentiate both web servers in other aspects.
Nginx vs Apache: who is faster and who consumes less resources
When choosing the web server we want to use we must take into account two factors, the first of which will be the speed and the second the consumption of resources that will be used.
As for speed, the truth is that both are very fast servers, especially on websites and platforms with few simultaneous users. However, when the number of users increases, we notice that Apache starts to cost to work with so many users at the same time, while Nginx behaves much faster when we have a lot of traffic.
Regarding the use of resources, the result is almost the same. While the website is simple and does not have many users both servers consume a very limited amount of resources, however, when the web is already very large the thing already changes, and while the resources of Apache soar, those of Nginx they remain linear.
Apache vs Nginx: who is easier to configure
If we are used to using one of the two servers surely we know all their configuration files and do not assume any mystery. However, for a new user, Apache is, by far, much simpler to configure and start up. Apache, in addition, is a web server infinitely more flexible than Nginx thanks to the .htaccess tools and the more than 60 different modules that we can find.
However, although Apache can win in ease and flexibility, we can not close this section without mentioning one of the strengths of Nginx, and this server is much more intuitive to work with several hostings, all of them separated and in separate directories .
Nginx vs Apache: who is safer
Another fundamental aspect of a web server is security. On this occasion, both servers are tied, since both take the security of their applications very seriously, have security measures to mitigate, for example, DDoS attacks, malware and Phishing, and periodically publish security reports and maintenance updates. .
So which one is better? Apache vs Nginx
We can not say that one server is better than another since each one has its strengths and weaknesses. While if we are going to set up a very large website that will have many daily users the best option is to use Nginx for its performance improvements, if we want something simple and flexible, Apache will be a much more appropriate server, especially for users without many knowledge
Both servers will work well and will keep our website secure. Now it is already a matter of everyone who chooses the one that best suits their needs. The web is full of articles, manuals and guides to configure both Apache and Nginx, so, if we have any problem, we sure find your solution easily.